As we know that until today there is still news about the conflict in West Papua and history of West Papua. The news about the conflict in West Papua aroused public curiosity about the perpetrators, interests, and motives in the accident. There are many speculations emerged from the ideological reasons, the threat of nationalism, politics related to pro-independence movement, even the pragmatism of the security business that involved many actors.
The Cause Of Conflict In West Papua
Determining the strategy to overcome the security problems in West Papua by ending the violent acts by anyone and with any motive is not easy. Based on the study, there are some caused of the conflict in West Papua, such as.
- Marginalization, discrimination, including the lack of recognition of Papua contributions and services to Indonesia
- Nonoptimal development of social infrastructure in Papua, especially in health, education, empowerment of the people’s economy and the low involvement of indigenous Papuan economic actors
- The process of political. Social-cultural, and economic integration that has not been completed yet.
- The cycle of political violence that has not been handled, even it more expanded
- The violations of human right that have not been resolved, especially the Wamena, Wasior, and Paniai cases.
The Tembagapura Case
The conflict in Tembagapura may refer to the relationship between security and business in Papua that involves various actors who tend to use each other. The companies like Freeport often gives funds to ensure their business operations so it will be safe. Sometimes by asking for help from the Indonesian National Army or Indonesian Police. As we know that the case of Tembagapura was still confusing. That conflict is not only caused by the economic factor but also political objectives as did by the Free Papua Organization. The police stated that the hostage-taking was related to the seizure of land between immigrants and indigenous Papuans.
From a state perspective, the main objective of handling the Tembagapura case is to restore the security and stability as a whole. But, if the recovery of the security is done by the excessive action, like the military invasion, so it will reap the critics that the Indonesian Government is not consistent to develop Papua especially if there are any human rights violations. The conflict in West Papua is very closely related to political interests and issues. The conflict of interests will create suspicion, between the Papuans to the Indonesian Government.
The Problem Solving
To end the conflict in West Papua, the Indonesian Government no need to overdo. Because the conflict in Tembagapura is likely there is pragmatism influence. The government needs to balance the security of the country approach with human security. The safety of people in this conflict is the main purpose without discriminating between races and ethnic, and also between immigrant and indigenous people. For the long-term plan, the Indonesian government needs to make negotiations and dialogue for the reconciliation. This method is necessary because it will prevent the suspicion of people, especially between indigenous and migrants. Also between the community and the authorities.